AstroNuclPhysics ® Nuclear Physics - Astrophysics - Cosmology - Philosophy | Gravity, black holes and physics |
GRAVITATION, BLACK HOLES AND PHYSICS OF SPACETIME
Conclusion
In the five chapters and two appendices of this book, we took a quick walk through the world of gravity - the curved spacetime of the general theory of relativity in which our universe exists and evolves .
After a brief overview of the properties of gravitational phenomena and their connection with other natural events, especially with electromagnetism and the theory of relativity (Chapter 1), we learned the reasons that logically inevitably lead to the declaration of the gravitational field as curved spacetime - Chapter 2. We expressed the effect of gravity on physical phenomena by reformulating the physical laws for curved spacetime. We formulated Einstein's law of gravitation according to which matter excites the gravitational field (curves of spacetime), we dealt with the generation, propagation and detection of gravitational waves, we showed unusual specific properties of gravitational energy, especially its nonlocalizability. We have come to realize that the properties of space and time are not fixed and unchanging, but j sou determined by the distribution and motion of bodies - participates in the dynamics of the motion of matter,
In Chapter 3, we dealt with the general geometric and topological properties of spacetime and from this point of view we analyzed some simple exact solutions of Einstein's equations. We have stated that the causal and geometric structure of spacetime in the general theory of relativity can be considerably more complicated and varied than is considered in classical physics - areas causally separated from the rest of the world by horizons appear, singularities arise.
We then used the results of the geometric-topological analysis of the properties of spacetime in Chapter 4 devoted to the physics of black holes. Here we approached the gravity-controlled fates of stars and sketched the scenario of perhaps the most catastrophic phenomenon in nature - the complete gravitational collapse and the formation of a black hole. We analyzed the wonderful properties of black holes, as well as unusual physical phenomena in their vicinity. We discussed a deep connection physics of black holes with thermodynamics and quantum physics (quantum evaporation of black holes), analyzed the astrophysical behavior of black holes, their position in space and the possibility of astronomical observation.
In Chapter 5 on
relativistic cosmology, we in the oter hand
chose a completely
global perspective: we explored the universe as a whole. Modern
physics of gravity and spacetime - the general theory of
relativity - has proven to be a reliable basis for understanding
the structure and evolution of the universe as a whole. We have
come to realize that the universe is a dynamic object that has
gone through a very dense and hot stage in the past - it began
its existence with a hypothetical big bang. We discussed physical
phenomena from the earliest stages of the evolution of the
universe (including the possibility of a marvelous inflationary
expansion), in an anthropic principle we considered the post and knowledge
of life and man in the universe and the future destinies of the
universe and matter in it.
The very close interrelationship of the laws of the microworld
(elementary particles), macroworld, and megaworld (cosmology) has
led to the philosophical conclusion that the world may be complex
in detail, but these consist of a clear and simple global order.
"Appendix A" is devoted to the problems often discussed around Mach's principle and the origin of inertia. "Appendix B" then focuses on unitary field theories, whether it is older geometric unitary theories (Weyl, Einstein, Kaluz-Klein), Wheeler's geometrodynamics, or current efforts to unify fundamental interactions - Weinberg-Salam model, grandunification theory, supergravity, superstrings.
The general theory of relativity and relativistic astrophysics and cosmology are no longer purely academic areas detached from other physics and from everyday life. These areas are fully involved in the context of other physics and are developing dynamically on several levels. In addition to building an internal structure of GTR (properties of solutions to Einstein's equations, geometric-topological aspects of space, global properties of black holes and the universe and so on.) Vigorously and successfully operates in many areas of liaison general theory of relativity and other disciplines of physics.
The connection of GTR with
quantum physics and elementary particle physics (quantum field
theory in curved spacetime, supergravity unitary theory,
quantum-gravitational phenomena in the early universe), nuclear
physics, plasma physics, continuum mechanics, thermodynamics and
statistical physics (relativistic theory of stellar structure,
accretion disks around compact objects, formation of large-scale
structure of the universe, etc.). The field of experimental GTR
verification is also developing successfully ; Direct detection
of gravitational waves is a particularly valuable triumph,
but sophisticated experiments and observations aimed at studying
the subtle effects of GTR in laboratory conditions or
within the solar system are also important. Finally, it cannot be
neglected nor the mutually inspiring relations
between GTR and mathematics (especially
differential geometry and algebraic topology) and also the
philosophical and worldview impact of the findings of
relativistic physics.
Research in these areas promises real adventures of knowledge
that we can all look forward to!
Gravity, black holes and space-time physics : | ||
Gravity in physics | General theory of relativity | Geometry and topology |
Black holes | Relativistic cosmology | Unitary field theory |
Anthropic principle or cosmic God | ||
Nuclear physics and physics of ionizing radiation | ||
AstroNuclPhysics ® Nuclear Physics - Astrophysics - Cosmology - Philosophy |
GRAVITATION, BLACK HOLES AND PHYSICS OF SPACETIME
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Other literature:
[290] .................
[292] .................
[293] ....... ..........
[294] Horský J., Bartoň S
.: Relativistic Universe. Ando Pub., Brno 1997
[295] .................
.......................
. ............
- newer literature will appear here, which appeared only after
the publication of the book "Gravity, Black Holes and the
Physics of Spacetime".
Gravity, black holes and space-time physics : | ||
Gravity in physics | General theory of relativity | Geometry and topology |
Black holes | Relativistic cosmology | Unitary field theory |
Anthropic principle or cosmic God | ||
Nuclear physics and physics of ionizing radiation | ||
AstroNuclPhysics ® Nuclear Physics - Astrophysics - Cosmology - Philosophy |
GRAVITATION, BLACK HOLES AND PHYSICS OF SPACETIME
E p i l o g u e
The author considers it his duty to apologize to readers and colleagues for some shortcomings, explain their causes and thank those who provided valuable assistance in the preparation and implementation of this book.
After the completion of the manuscript of the
book, a very paradoxical situation arose during
the negotiations on its realization: on the one hand there was a
work which for the first time in our literature dealt in more
detail and comprehensively with new physical aspects of
relativity, gravity, properties of spacetime, relativistic
astrophysics and cosmology (see "Foreword"), ie areas
of interest not only experts but also and the wider educated
public, which was waiting for a number of interested parties and
which would certainly take care of sales on the book market. On
the other hand, the relevant publishers - Academia, SNTL *), SPN,
Alfa - were not willing to publish the book in the foreseeable
future (except for objective reasons - capacity editorial plans -
here unfortunately contributed adversity and intrigues of some
colleagues, who from kind of vague "competitive",
prestige or other subjective reasons, sought to prevent the
publication of this book).
In the end, only improvised publication of a
book through Czechoslovak astronomical society at Academy of
Sciences in 1986 was realized, which was dismantled very quickly,
mainly for institutes, libraries, observatories, faculties and
other institutions; many other applicants remained. In 1990, we
managed to make a reprint thanks to Czechoslovak scientific and
technical society.
*) An abbreviated and simplified version of
this book was accepted for publication by
the SNTL (State Publishing House of Technical Literature)
and included in the edition plan in the edition "
Popular lectures on physics" for 1989. All preparatory
work was carried out, including corrections, but during the print
rate in the autumn of 1989 there was a political upheaval, as a
result of which practically all professional publishing
activities were stopped and reversed, so that in the end it was
not realized ...
The main shortcomings of the book also stem from the above-mentioned difficulties (and, of course, also from errors on the part of the author) :
The kind reader will perhaps understand that an individual without a technical and financial background, even with the best effort and dedication, cannot compete with a professional editorial and printing team. The author welcomes all comments from readers and will try to eliminate the shortcomings in case of the possibility of another (perhaps already more appropriate) edition. **)
**) Current note: |
It is a nice duty of the author
to thank as warmly as possible those who contributed to the
realization of this book. He is mainly a colleague from
Czechoslovak Astronomical Society at the Czechoslovak Academy of
Sciences J.Skoumal , with his collaborators J.Bušovský
and L.Blochová , who dedicatedly provided
polygraphic work during the printing of the book . In the
Astronomical Society, they supported the release M.Vlcek
and F.Kozelský. Ing.K.Peprný
from Czechoslovak scientific and technical society provided
significant help in reprinting the monograph .
Rare colleagues Prof.RNDr.J.Horský, DrSc. and RNDr.J.Grygar,
CSc. , who undertook the book review provided many
valuable suggestions, expert discussions, advice and comments (as
well as encouraging words) when writing the book.
Gravity, black holes and space-time physics : | ||
Gravity in physics | General theory of relativity | Geometry and topology |
Black holes | Relativistic cosmology | Unitary field theory |
Anthropic principle or cosmic God | ||
Nuclear physics and physics of ionizing radiation | ||
AstroNuclPhysics ® Nuclear Physics - Astrophysics - Cosmology - Philosophy |